The TWP Guide to Staining a Deck

by TWP Help

How To TWP Guide to Staining a Deck in 2020

Prolonging the life of a deck is not difficult if you know enough about deck care and regular maintenance. Every year or two most decks need to be cleaned and recoated with deck stain. This will not only enhance the natural beauty of the wood but will create a barrier of protection from Mother Nature. Once a deck has been prepped (See article: The TWP Guide to Prepping a Deck) it is then ready for a coat of TWP stain. This guide will help you along in getting a professional like finish.

Stain Application Tools

True with any project using the right tools is going to make the task that much easier. Brushes are great for cutting in along edges and fitting into tight areas. Other stain applicators like an 18” stain pad or mop will help you to stain more area at a time and be up to 50% faster. A quality sprayer with different nozzle options will ensure the perfect spray pattern for great coverage. An airless sprayer can also be used to apply the stain. Follow these methods of application with back brushing to get a nice even finish. Do not forget other things like mineral spirits for clean up, a spray shield, gloves, safety glasses and canvas tarps for protecting plants and grass from overspray.

Stain Preparation

Be sure to read the application instructions on the label. TWP can be applied in 1-2 coats depending on your wood’s porosity. Typically older wood will require 2 “wet on wet” coats while newer smoother wood will require only 1 coat.

Be sure to check your local forecast prior to starting. Once the deck has dried for 48 hours since it was cleaned or the last rainfall it needs to remain dry throughout the staining process and beyond. No rain or cold temperatures should be forecasted 2-3 days after application. Only apply TWP when the temperature is between 50-90 degrees. Be sure to mix the stain thoroughly before use and several times during.

Applying TWP Stain

Use a brush, stain pad or deck floor mop and stain one or several boards at a time from end to end. This will help eliminate overlap marks. If cutting in an edge with a brush, be sure to feather the stain out away from the edge as opposed to leaving a defined line of stain. Also, use a brush to get the gaps between deck boards when using a pad. Inspect the deck for drips or runs and wipe them away with a brush. Determine if the wood needs one or two coats. Remove any liquid stain that is not absorbed within 30-60 minutes after the second coat with a brush, dry roller, dry pad, or a dry cloth.

The excess stain that does not penetrate and is not removed will leave a blotchy appearance and cause premature stain failure. Use a piece of cardboard or professional spray shield to catch overspray. Any overspray should be removed immediately using mineral spirits. Painter’s tape can also be used to protect edges along driveways, sidewalks, painted surfaces, brick, vinyl siding, etc.

Following TWP Staining

Clean all application tools, buckets, trays, etc. with mineral spirits immediately following completion of the application. Clean up any spills or overspray before TWP is allowed to dry. Allow TWP stain to dry for 12-72 hours depending on drying conditions prior to foot traffic and moving plants, furniture, grills, etc. back onto the deck.

 

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charlie cosgrove
charlie cosgrove

Power washed old deck as per can stained with roller it has been 3 days now and TWP is still wet is there anything to do to speed the drying time ? Temp is in 80s

Debra Wright
Debra Wright

We have sanded out picnic table and then I stained it. I don’t like the color (cedartone) but it looks orange. Can I lightly sand it and go over it with a darker color? Also.. after cleaning the deck.. There are a few dark spots (along the edges) that had a heavier stain from last time.. Can I lightly sand these too?

Aryton
Aryton

Finding a period of 4+ dry days for the necessary timing (time prior and time post stain) is difficult based on my location. I’m assuming that the pre-stain dry time is the most important…if I apply the stain and there is rain within 24 hr, is the job ruined or slightly harmed? Thank you.

 
Clara
Clara

We have a 16 x 20 8 year old deck in South Carolina and have been using the TWP 100 series since it was new, with the last stain done 18 months ago. We were planning to strip and apply a fresh stain before we hit the heat of summer, but we have found one board with rot damage and 4 more with splits in the wood. What’s the process for staining now? Do we replace the damaged boards and then wait till fall to stain?

Chris
Chris

I recently applied TWP 100 Pecan to my cedar deck. It was weathered for approximately 6 months, I used cleaner and brightener and then applied one coat. I plan to do a 2nd maintenance coat in the spring, can I apply a different color? I understand that applying a different color may give a different result as I’m applying over an existing coat, I’m just curious if there’s any other reason why using a different color as the 2nd coat is not recommended.

Margot
Margot

I have currently a cedar deck that was stained with 1501 Cedartone Stain. This process was done 5 years ago. At that time we used the recommended steps: Strip and brightener with your products. We are now ready to re-stain the deck. We have just used your cleaner and brightener and ready to stain. I see on the back of the can which states “TWP will not penetrate previously finished wood properly unless old finish is removed”. I was under the assumption that this product can be used for re-staining as long we continue to use the same TWP stain… Read more »

 
Samantha Lee
Samantha Lee

I plan on staining tomorrow. I stripped and washed with a brightener/cleaner yesterday and letting it dry today. Does that look like it’s prepped for staining? Thanks!

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Bill
Bill

I applied 1 coat of TWP semi-transparent 2 weeks ago to a deck. I noticed it’s started to lighten up in a couple of spots. Would it be okay to apply a 2nd coat now to those areas? If not, do I have to strip and re-stain the entire deck with 2 coats?

Eduardo
Eduardo

I just prepped my deck yesterday using the RAD kit (power washing it for step 1). The deck was completely covered in mold before the cleaning process and now it does look a lot better but some of the wood boards still have greenish areas. I already tried scrubbing them during the step 1 and then power washing them thoroughly and they simply won’t come out. Would they show after I stain? Furthermore, there are some white spots after applying the brightener. Should I be worried about this? To summarize, does this deck look ready to stain using TWP 200… Read more »

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Judy
Judy

Can you use TWP on a composite deck

Paula Bell
Paula Bell

My deck was powerwashed and then stained (one coat) with TWP Cedartone. Now it looks like this. What went wrong? Deck is 5 years old and has been stained twice before. It is getting cold here in Illinois. Should I wait till Spring to fix?

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Tori
Tori

Is my deck ready for prep? Used the RAD kit yesterday. This is what it looks like today. Concerned about the white areas.

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John C Eckstrom
John C Eckstrom

Hi, I live in the Chicago area and will be ready to apply the stain next weekend when the lows/highs are expected to be 40/51. Your guide suggests not applying below 50. Is this going to be a problem? Thanks, John

Leah
Leah

I am building a redwood deck in Colorado and am planning to sand it just before staining. Do I still need to wait the 12 months before staining, and use the cleaner/restorer first? Or can I stain it right after sanding, without waiting the entire 12 months? Thanks!

Brian S
Brian S

I live in Southeastern Indiana. I recently finished installing a deck with 5/4 x 6 pressure treated pine. The lumber manufacturer says to wait 4-12 months before staining. That’s an awful long time spread. Might you have a recommendation for timing? Should I let it go through the winter and stain next spring? Thanks

 
Jake
Jake

Hello,
I live in WA state, and I have a composite deck with wood railings. Is it OK to use with restore a Deck Stripper on the composite deck or just clean it? I will stain a different color for composite deck with.
I don’t know exactly how to strip and clean, and stain a composite deck with wood railings. I have some photos. Please let me know.

Thank you.

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KGB
KGB

I have a question about removing the excess stain that didn’t soak in. How long do I wait before doing that? Do I wipe it after each board is done, wait 20-40 minutes (like for second coat) and do it then or something else?

Paul
Paul

Is ‘wet on wet’ considered one coat of stain or is it considered two coats? I have new PT pine decking that’s been weathered about 10 months but some areas have been sheltered from the full effects of Chicago winter. I think I need to strip and brighten in order to remove all the mill glaze. Confused about how to apply TWP 1500 for the first season. One coat or two? Wet on wet or not? Thanks

 
Guy
Guy

Hello, After seeing Chris’s pic of his failed attempt deck staining, I would like your opinion of my prep job. This is a covered deck, front porch. 5 year old pressure treated pine. Previously stained with a medium dark tinted linseed stain. I used your restore-a-deck stripper & brightener. Pressure washed after stripper had been on for one hour, then applied brightener for one hour and rinsed It has been drying for 48+ hours & seems dry now. I was planning to stain today with twp type 100 pecan. (temperature is mid 60’s , cooling to upper 40’s at night,… Read more »

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Randy hobbs
Randy hobbs

What tip size is needed if using an airless sprayer to apply?

Glen
Glen

Worked real hard on a 12 X 22 deck renovation. Got everything Sanded down to bare, Cleaned , Brightened (with your Gemini kit) and now ready to stain. Seems like you recommend a stain pad over using a roller … and using a brush in between boards, correct ? Also, question on 2 step wet on wet application. Guessing that in order to do this, need to do one coat completely and then (YIKES!) go step back over the newly laid down stain for coat 2. Seems like it would really screw up the 1st coat with step marks, etc.… Read more »

 
Kevin
Kevin

Can I lay down the first coat of (TWP100 – Rustic) stain with a roller, then back brush (with a brush)?

Janice
Janice

How do I make sure the first coat is heavy enough and the second wet on wet coat is light enough?

Chris
Chris

I don’t think this came out right??? I recently stained my cedar deck with TWP 1503, and must have done something wrong and/or missed a prep step. Here’s a summary: prep’d deck using a cleaner/brightener; scrubbed the stubborn/dark(er) spots, and then power washed. Waited 24 full hours in upper 70’s/low 80’s. This was a 10/11 mos. wait time since the install of the deck. The overall finish outcome is not like what I’ve seen in photos searching for TWP Dark Oak. I get that there will be differences due to the wood, wood grains/knots, etc., but what I’m seeing just… Read more »

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